Sail Boats or Yachts


The terminology in boating can be frustratingly confusing. To most people, a ‘yacht’ means a boat with sails. However, we can also talk about superyachts which usually have no sails at all, but instead boast large sizes with incredibly powerful engines.  Just for the moment, let’s assume that ‘yacht’ means a boat with sails.

You can distinguish between the different types of sailing yacht by these 4 main defining characteristics:

  • Size (measured mainly by LOA – length over all.)
  • Hull Type (monohull, catamaran or trimaran)
  • Keel Type (fin keel, wing keel, bilge keel, daggerboard, or centerboard)
  • Mast Configuration and Sails (sloop, fractional rig sloop, ketch, schooner, yawl, cutter, cat)


A dinghy is a small simple sailing boat, often beloved of local sailing clubs, and often no more than 10 feet long. These include makes like Topper, Optimist and Laser.  However, most sail boats start from about 20 feet.

The size you see in most marinas are from maybe 28 feet up to 50 feet, although sailing superyachts can be found up to 200 feet LOA


The monohull, as the name suggest has just one hull; the catamaran has two; and (as you have probably guessed by now!) the trimaran has three


Yachts can have multiple configurations of masts, sails, the type of keel and their rigging. If this is something you want to explore, then you can come on one of our training course or simply contact us for a discussion.


If you desire more information, then feel free to contact us for a no-fee, no-hassle, confidential initial consultation. Simply either complete the enquiry form on this website  or telephone  our 24/7 hotline on +44 (0) 33 33 05 8424 or  email  us at